1 July 2010 – Case of the Week #182
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Thanks to Dr. Ankur Sangoi, El Camino Hospital, Mountain View, California for contributing this case and much of the discussion. To contribute a Case of the Week, follow the guidelines on our Case of the Week page.
(1) We have updated these chapters / topics:
- Penis/Scrotum by Drs. Alcides Chaux and Antonio L. Cubilla; it now has 90 topics, 311 pages, 684 images and 448 references.
- Stains topic - Topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A), reviewed by Dr. Semir Vranic, University of Sarajevo.
- We are also updating numerous other chapters, one topic at a time: Bladder, Breast-malignant, Breast-nonmalignant, CD Markers, Cervix-Cytology, Coagulation, Lymphoma-nonB, Ovary-nontumor, Molecular, Salivary gland, Skin-nontumor, Soft tissue, Testis and Uterus
(2) Thanks to the following contributors of images:
- Dr. Semir Vranic, University of Sarajevo, for contributing images of Paget's disease and Basal-like Breast Cancer for the Breast-malignant chapter
- Dr. Asmaa Gaber, Egypt, for contributing images of Spongiotic Dermatitis for the Skin-nontumor chapter.
(3) We had record traffic again in May 2010 of 274,366 total visits or 8,850 visits per day. Thanks for your support and assistance in making our website more useful to pathologists and laboratory personnel.
Case of the Week #182
A 55 year old man presented with a 3.5 cm mass in his neck, which was excised.
What is your diagnosis?
Spindle cell lipoma, pseudoangiomatous variant
Spindle cell lipomas are benign tumors usually found in the neck, shoulders or back of middle-aged men. They are composed of parallel arrays of CD34+ bland spindle cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm, mixed with myxoid matrix and ropey collagen. The background has adipose tissue and blood vessels. There are no mitotic figures.
The pseudoangiomatous variant is rare, and has branching, irregular spaces with villiform connective tissue projections, giving a striking angiomatoid appearance (Histopathology 1994;24:565). The authors in a recent study demonstrated that the lining cells are positive for D2-40, a lymphatic marker, and recommend that this variant be called “angiomatous” (Pathol Int 2007;57:26).
Wide local excision of spindle cell lipoma is usually curative, with very rare recurrences (Cancer 1975;36:1852).
The differential diagnosis includes:
- Lipomatous hemangiopericytoma – adipose tissue, CD34+ spindle cells, variable myxoid stroma; vasculature is prominent but has large gaping sinusoidal spaces (“staghorn”)
- Myxoid lipoma: no prominent spindle cells, no vascular appearance, CD34 negative
Additional references: PathologyOutlines.com-Soft Tissue chapter
Nat Pernick, M.D., President,
and Kara Hamilton, M.S., Associate Medical Editor
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