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Computer Software and Digital Systems: Focus on Telepathology
Jaleh Mansouri, M.D.
Since Dr. Ronald Weinstein’s introduction of the term "telepathology" in the 1980's, advances in computer and digital technology have resulted in an increasing number of important applications of this modality including whole slide imaging (virtual microscopy), robotic microscopy, and remote diagnostic pathology consultation. Telepathology systems can exist in static, dynamic, or hybrid formats. Static systems transmit pre-scanned data (i.e. store-and forward) to remote locations for analysis. Dynamic systems transmit entire image data for analysis in real time. Static systems are cheaper, while the more expensive dynamic systems provide visual data with greater accuracy (resolution). Among the technical issues involved with employing telepathology systems are speed of transmission of large amounts of data over the Internet and standardization of transmitted image data (e.g. color correction).
With the expanding applications of telepathology, the preservation of confidentiality during the transmission of patient information has become an important issue. Various encryption software programs are available and employ public-key cryptography. More advanced telepathology software systems (e.g. Pixera, Apollo) have integrated encryption capabilities. Since telepathology systems can be quite expensive, it is important for pathology laboratories to closely examine their functional needs and budgetary constraints before the implementation of such a system.
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Celestron. Since manufacturing its first telescope in 1960, Celestron has grown to become one of the world's leading telescope makers and enjoys brand-name recognition among serious amateur astronomers for superior optics, outstanding design, and innovative technology. In keeping with this reputation, Celestron microscopes combine the highest quality precision optics with mechanical designs that are state-of-the-art. Celestron professional microscopes are designed for microbiology, pathology, entomology, dermatology, dental usage, veterinary use, and everyday analysis of specimens through advanced research. All Celestron microscopes use high quality glass optics and the bodies are made of metal. Please visit www.celestron.com/science_education/ for more information.
Leica Microsystems is a leading global developer and manufacturer of a broad range of innovative, high-tech, precision optical systems for the imaging, measurement, and analysis of microstructures. Leica Microsystems is one of the market leaders in each of its four divisions: Life Science, Industry, Biosystems, and Surgical. Business areas include Microscopy and Imaging Systems, Specimen Preparation, Medical Equipment, and Antibodies and Reagents. The company offers instruments and system solutions for the entire histopathology process including the Novocastra™ range of antibodies and reagents, consumable products, and clinical microscopes. The company is represented in over 100 countries with 9 manufacturing facilities in 7 countries, sales and service organizations in 20 countries and an international network of dealers.
Milestone Medical provides a portfolio of standardization and documentation products for the grossing workstation. From our MacroPATH D digital imaging, annotation and storage system to the CheckLITE non-contact specimen thickness measurement device and CutMATE grossing forceps, Milestone is building tools to ensure standardization of tissue thicknesses with great processing and results in mind! For more information call 866-995-5300, email [email protected] or visit us at www.milestonemed.com.
Optronics provides Microcast® HD real-time High Definition Co-Observation, which replaces multi-head microscopes. The Optronics Microcast HD offers full 1080p HD digital co-observation from a microscope with 2MP progressive scan digital images at 60 FPS. The camera system uses 3CCD medical grade RGB imaging technology for precise real-time color reproduction of microscope images without interpolation. The camera's ultra high speed automatic camera shutter instantaneously compensates for higher magnification objectives and decreases in illumination. Optional full 1080p HD image capture of HD microscope images without a computer is available for reports and publications. Microcast HD eliminates the need for a multi-head microscope. For more information, please visit www.optronics.com.
manufactures top of the line computerized macro photography systems for grossing, pathology, histology and other scientific applications, using high resolution digital
cameras. Various models are available, and the company specializes in custom designs, usually at no extra charge. These state of the art macroscopic (gross) imaging units revolutionize the picture taking process in the laboratory. The systems enable even non-photographers to take professional quality photos in seconds. The patented, state-of-the-art systems are used by hundreds of leading hospitals, universities, medical examiner offices and research institutes worldwide. The included proprietary software allows one to take pictures directly from the computer. All attributes of the camera are controllable from the computer as well, and the image is viewable in real time on the screen, allowing adjustments before the picture is taken. The picture is then transferred directly to the computer and is stored on the computer's hard drive for editing, archiving, or email as an attachment like any other image file via the internet. Visit us online at www.photodyne.com or contact us at 800-660-2147 or [email protected].
Past / Future Feature Pages:
March 2013: Tissue Processors / Other Histology
April 2013: Laboratory Accreditation / Education / CME
May 2013: Computer Software and Systems
June 2013: Diagnostic Testing / Reagents
July 2013: Imaging / Digital / Photography
August 2013: Books & Journals
September 2013: Antibodies
October 2013: Laboratories
November 2013: Consumable Lab Products / Clinical Lab Analyzers
December 2013: Grossing Equipment / Workstations
January 2014: Billing / Consulting / Management
February 2014: Microscopes / Microscopy Products
March 2014: Tissue Processors / Other Histology
April 2014: Laboratory Accreditation / Education / CME
May 2014: Computer Software and Systems
June 2014: Diagnostic Testing / Reagents
July 2014: Imaging / Digital / Photography
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