Home   Chapter Home   Jobs   Conferences   Fellowships   Books



Advertisement

Adrenal gland and paraganglia
Other benign cortical lesions
Cysts

Reviewer: Nat Pernick, M.D. (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 20 March 2013, last major update February 2005
Copyright: (c) 2002-2013, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

General
=========================================================================
Case reports
=========================================================================
Treatment
=========================================================================
Gross description
=========================================================================
Differential diagnosis
=========================================================================

Bronchogenic cyst in retroperitoneum
Case reports
=========================================================================
Endothelial (vascular) cyst
General
=========================================================================
Gross description
=========================================================================
Gross images
=========================================================================

36 cm cyst
Micro description
=========================================================================
Micro images
=========================================================================
       
Nests of trapped     Vascular channels   Organizing clot
adrenocortical tissue  within fibrous wall
                
Elastic stain shows                Focal lining of flattened endothelial cells
elastic tissue within wall            determines diagnosis of endothelial cyst

Wall of hyalinized fibrous tissue
Positive stains
=========================================================================
Epithelial lined (true) cyst
General
=========================================================================
Micro description
=========================================================================
Hemorrhagic cyst (pseudocyst)
General
=========================================================================
Gross description
=========================================================================
Micro description
=========================================================================
Positive stains
=========================================================================
Lymphangioma
General
=========================================================================
Case reports
=========================================================================
Micro description
=========================================================================
Micro images
=========================================================================

Fig 1: MRI shows cystic suprarenal mass
Fig 2: irregular cystic spaces lined by flattened endothelial cells with adjacent normal adrenal cortex
Fig 3: CD31+

Parasitic cyst
General
=========================================================================
Case reports
=========================================================================
Micro description
=========================================================================
Micro images
=========================================================================

Visceral leishmaniasis:
1A: large cystic mass by CT scan
1B: large adrenal gland mass compressing kidney;
2A: adrenal mass is semicystic with hemorrhage and necrosis
2B: clotted blood and thin walled endothelial channels;
3A/B: cyst wall has Leishmania amastigotes within macrophages and giant cells
End of Adrenal gland and paraganglia > Other benign cortical lesions > Cysts


This information is intended for physicians and related personnel, who understand that medical information is often imperfect, and must be interpreted in the context of a patient's clinical data using reasonable medical judgment. This website should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a licensed physician.

All information on this website is protected by copyright of PathologyOutlines.com, Inc. Information from third parties may also be protected by copyright. Please contact us at copyrightPathOut@gmail.com with any questions (click here for other contact information).