Bladder
Acquired non-neoplastic anomalies
Cystocele


Topic Completed: 1 March 2011

Revised: 14 December 2018

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Cystocele[title]

Alcides Chaux, M.D.
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Page views in 2019 to date: 349
Cite this page: Chaux A Cystocele. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/bladdercystocele.html. Accessed June 25th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Pouch created due to pelvic relaxation, which causes uterine prolapse and protrusion of bladder into vagina
  • May occur in combination with rectocele and enterocele
  • Usually is no pathologic specimen
Terminology
  • A type of pelvic organ prolapse
Etiology
  • Weakening of the pubocervical fascia due to child birth, aging or previous hysterectomy
  • Other causes include obesity, heavy lifting, chronic constipation and chronic bronchitis
Clinical features
  • Commonly seen in multiparous, post-menopausal women
  • Pelvic organ prolapse, including cystocele, is a significant health issue for women, with 250K procedures annually in US
  • Associated with urinary tract infections, since bladder does not empty completely
  • May be accompanied by urethrocele
Treatment
Additional references
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