Acquired non-neoplastic anomalies

Author: Alcides Chaux, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 15 March 2016, last major update March 2011

Copyright: (c) 2003-2016,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Cystocele[title]
Cite this page: Cystocele. website. Accessed November 21st, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Pouch created due to pelvic relaxation, which causes uterine prolapse and protrusion of bladder into vagina
  • May occur in combination with rectocele and enterocele
  • Usually is no pathologic specimen
  • A type of pelvic organ prolapse
  • Weakening of the pubocervical fascia due to child birth, aging or previous hysterectomy
  • Other causes include obesity, heavy lifting, chronic constipation and chronic bronchitis
Clinical features
  • Commonly seen in multiparous, post-menopausal women
  • Pelvic organ prolapse, including cystocele, is a significant health issue for women, with 250K procedures annually in US
  • Associated with urinary tract infections, since bladder does not empty completely
  • May be accompanied by urethrocele
Additional references