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Bladder

Acquired non-neoplastic anomalies

Obstruction


Reviewers: Monika Roychowdhury, M.D., University of Minnesota Medical Center - Fairview (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 3 July 2011, last major update June 2011
Copyright: (c) 2003-2011, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

Definition
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● Obstruction to flow of urine from bladder, due to various causes

Etiology
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● Commonly due to prostatic hypertrophy (men) or cystocele (women)
● Also urethral narrowing/strictures, mechanical obstructions, neurogenic bladder (Curr Urol Rep 2006;7:363)

Treatment
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● Treat underlying cause of obstruction
● Alpha-blockers or 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor for prostatic nodular hyperplasia

Gross description
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● Trabeculation of bladder wall, diverticula

Gross images
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With prostatic hypertrophy

Additional references
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MedlinePlus, eMedicine, Rev Urol 2005;7 Suppl 6:S3

End of Bladder > Acquired non-neoplastic anomalies > Obstruction


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