Reviewers: Dariusz Borys, M.D. (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 1 June 2012, last major update June 2012
Copyright: (c) 2003-2012, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.
● Failure of development of a bone (phalanx, rib, clavicle)
● Ribs or digits
● Fusion of adjacent digits
● Long, spider-like digits
● Failure of closure of spinal column and skull
● Produces meningomyelocoele or meningoencephalocoele
End of Bone > Developmental abnormalities > Malformations
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