Cervix
Benign / nonneoplastic lesions
Benign features


Topic Completed: 6 November 2006

Minor changes: 23 May 2020

Copyright: 2006-2020, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed search: non neoplastic lesions benign cervix

Farnaz Hasteh, M.D.
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Cite this page: Hasteh F. Benign features . PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/cervixcytologybenignfeatures.html. Accessed June 1st, 2020.
Cytology description
  • Evenly distributed heterochromatin and euchromatin
  • Chromatin granules are small and uniformly distributed (versus coarse and uniform in lymphocytes and ovarian granulosa cells)
  • Chromatin is sharp and crisp
  • No hyperchromasia (in contrast, lymphocytes are usually hyperchromatic)
  • Nuclear membranes are smooth
  • Chromatin rims have uniform thickness
  • Nucleoli are conspicuous but not large and not prominent (but are more conspicuous if reactive or biosynthetic activity is present)
  • Honeycomb configuration when viewed en face
  • Transparent cytoplasm in squamous or transitional cells suggests benign and mature cells
  • Immature benign cells have high N/C ratio, denser cytoplasm, vesicular nuclei
Differential diagnosis
  • Reactive changes, due to any type of stimuli (pH change, hormonal changes, inflammatory causes) may resemble dysplasia
Additional references
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