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Leptothrix vaginalis

Reviewer: Farnaz Hasteh, M.D., UCSD Medical Center (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 6 December 2010, last major update December 2010
Copyright: (c) 2006-2010, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.


● Filamentous bacteria (mixed lactobacilli or Actinomyces) associated with Trichomonas infections

Clinical features

● Considered clinically harmless, although may indicate the present of Trichomonas, which should be treated

Cytology description

● Gram-positive anaerobic rods, longer than lactobacilli, shorter than Candida
● Nonbranching, segmented, filamentous
● May resemble “spaghetti and meatballs”
● Form clumps in liquid based cytology

Cytology images


Various images

Non-smear image

End of Cervix-cytology > Inflammation/parasites > Leptothrix vaginalis

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