Cite this page: Perunovic B. General. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/cervixinflammation.html. Accessed June 15th, 2019.
Definition / general
- At menarche, the ovaries produce estrogen, leading to glycogen uptake by cervix and vaginal squamous mucosa
- Shedding cells promote the growth of vaginal aerobes and anaerobes, leading to a reduced (acidic) vaginal pH, which causes metaplastic transformation of transformation zone mucosa from columnar to squamous in exposed endocervix
- Squamous epithelium overgrows columnar epithelium, obstructing crypt openings and forming Nabothian cysts
- Produces acute and chronic inflammatory infiltrate