Coagulation
Coagulation laboratory tests
Prekallikrein assay

Author: Jeremy Parsons, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 17 May 2016, last major update November 2012

Copyright: (c) 2002-2016, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Prekallikrein assay [title]

Table of Contents
Definition / General
Cite this page: Prekallikrein assay. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/coagulationprekallekreinassay.html. Accessed December 5th, 2016.
Definition / General
  • Also known as Fletcher factor

  • Screening assays: preincubate PTT sample for 10 minutes prior to adding calcium; a prolonged PTT that shortens after the 10 minute preincubation is suspicious for prekallikrein deficiency

  • PTT performed with elagic acid as the intrinsic pathway activator will be normal in prekallikrein deficiency

  • Specific assay: preincubate patient plasma with prekallikrein-deficient plasma for 1 minute, then add calcium and perform PTT; prekallikrein level is determined from a standard curve of prekallikrein vs. PTT (Thromb Res 2002;105:463)

  • Interference is due to hirudin, argatroban, danaparoid and heparin (add heparinase)
  • Reference range is 60 - 140% of normal; newborn levels are lower, but increase to near adult levels by age 6 months

  • Indications: prolonged PTT corrected with mixing study, factors VIII, IX, XI and XII are normal, PT and fibrinogen are normal, lupus anticoagulant assays are negative