Colon non tumor
Colitis (non-infectious)
Chronic radiation enterocolitis


Topic Completed: 1 May 2013

Revised: 9 November 2019

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PubMed Search: chronic radiation enterocolitis[title]

Related topics: Radiation enterocolitis

Hanni Gulwani, M.B.B.S.
Page views in 2018: 469
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Cite this page: Gulwani, H. Chronic radiation enterocolitis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/colonradiationchronic.html. Accessed November 15th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • May present as inflammatory colitis
Treatment
  • Surgery should be avoided if possible because of its technical difficulty and the high incidence of postoperative complications such as anastomotic leak and fistula formation (Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2008;10:507)
Gross images

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Radiation exposed bowel

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Atrophic mucosa, ectatic vessels in lamina propria, vascular injury (intimal fibroplasia, foamy macrophages and hyaline within vessel walls), ischemic fibrosis, stricture
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