Reviewer: Nat Pernick, M.D. (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 21 October 2013, last major update December 2006
Copyright: (c) 2003-2013, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.
- Common (1 per 6000 births); higher incidence in Japanese and Navajo Indians
- More common in males
- 90% are unilateral
- Either isolated or with other abnormalities
- Cosmetic or functional
- Anotia: complete absence of external ear
- Microtia: mild to severe deformity; associated with other defects
End of Ear > Congenital anomalies > General
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