Ear
Inflammatory / infectious / autoimmune / systemic disorders
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener)


Topic Completed: 1 October 2013

Revised: 07 January 2019

Copyright: (c) 2002-2019, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis [title] ear


Nat Pernick, M.D.
Page views in 2018: 167
Page views in 2019 to date: 321
Cite this page: Pernick N. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's). PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/earwegenersgran.html. Accessed October 19th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Systemic necrotizing vasculitis that typically involves kidneys, lung, upper aerodigestive tract
  • Otologic involvement (otitis media, tympanic membrane perforation, sensorineural hearing loss, perforation of ear lobes, external otitis) as well as facial palsy occurs in 20 - 60% who have disease at traditional sites
Terminology
Laboratory
  • Elevated serum ANCA
Treatment
  • Corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs may cause long term remission and reverse hearing loss and facial palsy
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Vasculitis, necrosis or granulomatous inflammation (few cases have all 3)
  • Extra levels / recuts increases sensitivity by 7% (Ann Pathol 2005;25:87)
Differential diagnosis
  • Polyarteritis nodosa: necrotizing vasculitis of small to medium sized muscular arteries
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: conductive hearing loss due to involvement of incus-maleus and incus-stapes articulations
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