Reviewer: Elliot Weisenberg, M.D. (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 11 June 2013, last major update September 2012
Copyright: (c) 2003-2013, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.
- Associated with immunocompromise (Arch Intern Med 1986;146:1345, Dig Dis Sci 1995;40:183), Chagas disease (J Gastrointest Surg 2007;11:199), reflux esophagitis (some bacteria are similar to normal flora, World J Gastroenterol 2005;11:7277), Barrett's esophagus (possibly, Dig Dis Sci 2004;49:228)
- Phlegmonous esophagitis: rare; due to suppurative bacterial infection; high mortality; most common pathogens are Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Escherichia coli, Hemophilus influenzae, Proteus, Clostridia
- Necrotizing infectious esophagitis also has high mortality, due to sepsis (Ann Thorac Surg 2003;75:342)
- Clusters of bacteria invade esophageal wall and blood vessels; may be epithelial necrosis
End of Esophagus > Esophagitis > Bacterial
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