Esophagus
Congenital anomalies
Fistula (congenital)

Author: Elliot Weisenberg, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 10 January 2018, last major update August 2013

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Fistula[TI] congenital esophagus[TI]

Cite this page: Weisenberg, E. Fistula (congenital). PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/esophagusfistula.html. Accessed August 19th, 2018.
Definition / general

Gross classification:
  • Type A: no connection with trachea (i.e. atresia but no fistula, 8%)
  • Type B: upper segment connects with trachea (1%)
  • Type C: lower segment connects with trachea (87%)
  • Type D: both segments connect with trachea (1%)
  • Type E: both segments join to connect with trachea (H type - 4%)
Diagrams / tables

Images hosted on other servers:

Various types of fistulas

Treatment
Gross images

Images hosted on other servers:

Tracheo-esophageal fistula

Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Residual tracheobronchial remnants
Fig 1: GERD with cardiac type metaplasia
Fig 2 - 3: plates of mature cartilage and acini of minor salivary glands
Fig 4: branchial cleft-like cysts