Esophagus
Nonneoplastic disorders
Retention cysts


Topic Completed: 1 December 2012

Revised: 15 February 2019

Copyright: 2003-2019, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Retention cysts esophageal

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Cite this page: Weisenberg E. Retention cysts. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/esophagusretentioncyst.html. Accessed May 23rd, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Also called mucocele
  • Derive from obstructed submucosal gland ducts
  • Small, usually in lower esophagus
  • May cause intramural pseudodiverticulosis, with multiple flask-like invaginations into esophageal wall (Am J Clin Pathol 1976;65:314)
  • Associated with chronic esophagitis and fibrosis; also surgically isolated segments of esophagus (Dis Esophagus 2002;15:96)
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Saccular or flask shaped dilation of submucosal gland excretory ducts; rarely reaches muscularis propria
  • In large lesions, muscularis does not accompany the lesion so are not true diverticula
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