Congenital anomalies

Topic Completed: 1 September 2012

Revised: 8 February 2019

Copyright: 2003-2019,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Esophageal stenosis[TI] pathology

Elliot Weisenberg, M.D.
Page views in 2019: 536
Page views in 2020 to date: 111
Cite this page: Weisenberg E. Stenosis. website. Accessed April 1st, 2020.
Definition / general
  • Fibrous thickening of esophageal wall, particularly the submucosa, with atrophy of muscularis propria, thin and ulcerated lining epithelium
  • Congenital cases defined as intrinsic alteration of esophageal wall due to ectopic tracheobronchial tissue, membranous diaphragm, muscular hypertrophy or diffuse fibrosis of submucosa (Pediatr Surg Int 2001;17:188)
  • Associated with esophageal atresia or other congenital malformations in 17 - 33%
  • Acquired cases due to severe esophageal injury with scarring (reflux, radiation, scleroderma, caustic injury); associated with progressive dysphagia, may cause total obstruction
Case reports
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