Esophagus
Congenital anomalies
Stenosis


Topic Completed: 1 September 2012

Revised: 8 February 2019

Copyright: 2003-2019, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Esophageal stenosis[TI] pathology

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Cite this page: Weisenberg E. Stenosis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/esophagusstenosis.html. Accessed April 22nd, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Fibrous thickening of esophageal wall, particularly the submucosa, with atrophy of muscularis propria, thin and ulcerated lining epithelium
  • Congenital cases defined as intrinsic alteration of esophageal wall due to ectopic tracheobronchial tissue, membranous diaphragm, muscular hypertrophy or diffuse fibrosis of submucosa (Pediatr Surg Int 2001;17:188)
Epidemiology
Etiology
  • Associated with esophageal atresia or other congenital malformations in 17 - 33%
  • Acquired cases due to severe esophageal injury with scarring (reflux, radiation, scleroderma, caustic injury); associated with progressive dysphagia, may cause total obstruction
Case reports
Treatment
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