Reviewer: Elliot Weisenberg, M.D. (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 10 June 2013, last major update September 2012
Copyright: (c) 2003-2013, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.
- Fibrous thickening of esophageal wall, particularly the submucosa, with atrophy of muscularis propria, thin and ulcerated lining epithelium
- Congenital cases defined as intrinsic alteration of esophageal wall due to ectopic tracheobronchial tissue, membranous diaphragm, muscular hypertrophy or diffuse fibrosis of submucosa (Pediatr Surg Int 2001;17:188)
- Associated with esophageal atresia or other congenital malformations in 17-33%
- Acquired cases due to severe esophageal injury with scarring (reflux, radiation, scleroderma, caustic injury); associated with progressive dysphagia, may cause total obstruction
End of Esophagus > Congenital anomalies > Stenosis
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