Gallbladder
Cholecystitis
Eosinophilic cholecystitis


Topic Completed: 1 September 2012

Revised: 15 February 2019

Copyright: 2003-2019, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Eosinophilic cholecystitis gallbladder
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Cite this page: Gulwani H Eosinophilic cholecystitis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/gallbladdereosinophilic.html. Accessed May 23rd, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Restrict usage to inflammatory infiltrates composed almost entirely of eosinophils, since eosinophils are common in subacute cholecystitis
  • 1 - 5% of resected gallbladders
  • Often involves muscular layer but may be transmural or mucosal
  • Associated with gallstones, fibroblasts
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome: granulomatous angiitis with eosinophilia
Etiology
  • Idiosyncratic reaction to biliary contents
  • Less commonly due to ampicillin, atopy, cephalosporin, eosinophilic cholangitis, eosinophilic enterocolitis or appendicitis, erythromycin, hypereosinophilic syndrome, interleukin 2 and lymphokine activated killer cells, lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis, parasitic infection, peripheral eosinophilia (Am J Surg Pathol 2003;27:334)
Case reports
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Thick gallbladder
with no evidence
of cyst or
lymph node

Gross images

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Very thick gallbladder wall

Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Eosinophils infiltrating all layers of gallbladder wall

Eosinophils form
predominant
component of
inflammatory infiltrate

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