Topic Completed: 1 September 2012

Revised: 5 September 2019

Copyright: 2003-2019,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Fistula[TI] gallbladder[TI]

Hanni Gulwani, M.B.B.S.
Page views in 2019: 309
Page views in 2020 to date: 52
Cite this page: Gulwani H. Fistula. website. Accessed February 27th, 2020.
Definition / general
  • Biliary enteric fistulas found in 0.2 to 5.0% of patients with biliary tract surgery for nonmalignant disease (Surgeon 2010;8:67)
  • 90% due to cholelithiasis, 10% due to penetrating peptic ulcers of stomach or duodenum
  • Complications: gallstone ileus
  • Mortality: 15%
  • From gallbladder in 90%, biliary tract in 10%
  • Usually to duodenum, also colon
  • Gallstones cause inflammation and necrosis of gallbladder or bile duct wall, leading to intestinal adhesions, leading to fistula
Clinical features
  • Abdominal pain, diarrhea, dyspeptic symptoms, nausea and weight loss
  • Most can be managed laparascopically
  • Air within biliary tree by Xray, vomiting or passing a large gallstone
Case reports
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Right transverse colon with gallstone in fistula

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