Table of ContentsDefinition / general
Cite this page: Sangle N. Congenital anomalies - General. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/kidneycongenital.html. Accessed February 17th, 2019.
Definition / general
- 10% of individuals have urinary tract malformations, although many are asymptomatic
- 15% of congenital urogenital anomalies are secondary to an underlying chromosomal disorder
- In children, 20% of chronic renal failure is due to renal dysplasia or hypoplasia
- In adults, 10% of chronic renal failure is due to adult polycystic kidney disease
- Mass ultrasound screening detects congenital renal and urinary tract anomalies in 1% but not recommended since most would ultimately be detected via symptoms; most commonly vesicoureteral reflux, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, ectopic kidney, renal dysplasia (Pediatr Nephrol 2012;27:949)