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Kidney non-tumor

Infections / parasites

Escherichia coli


Reviewer: Nikhil Sangle, M.D. (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 6 September 2012, last major update September 2012
Copyright: (c) 2003-2012, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

See also HUS/TTP

General
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● Variants producing Shiga toxin are contaminants of food and water, cause diarrheal prodrome followed by more severe disease of the kidneys and CNS symptoms, referred to as diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (Toxins (Basel) 2010;2:2769)
● Uropathogenic Escherichia coli is causative agent in most urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis, which may cause acute renal failure in healthy individuals and renal transplant patients (Int J Nephrol 2012;2012:681473)
● May adhere to and invade kidney epithelial cells (Braz J Med Biol Res 2012;45:417)
● Causes pyelonephritis associated with renal transplants; men are more at risk, TMP/SMZ prophylaxis is protective (Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2010;5:1290)
● Drug resistance is emerging (Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2010;54:546)

Case reports
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● 6 year old girl with renal abscess (Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2011;22:1215)
● Unilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis due to infected ruptured cyst in diabetic patient with polycystic kidney disease (G Ital Nefrol 2011;28:85)
● Cases of transplant-associated transmission (MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2010;59:1642)

End of Kidney non-tumor > Infections / parasites > Escherichia coli

Ref Updated: 6/29/12


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