Lung - nontumor
Cystic disease / congenital anomalies
Bronchial atresia

Author: Elliot Weisenberg, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 28 August 2018, last major update August 2011

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018,, Inc.

PubMed search: bronchial atresia [title]

Cite this page: Weisenberg, E. Bronchial atresia. website. Accessed November 15th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Portion of bronchial tree with normal branching pattern, but without any demonstrable connection to the central bronchial tree
  • Congenital abnormality due to focal interruption of lobar, segmental or subsegmental bronchus with associated peripheral mucus impaction (bronchocele, mucocele) and hyperinflation of obstructed lung segment; most commonly affects apicoposterior segmental bronchus of left upper lobe, then segmental bronchi of right upper, middle and lower lobes
  • Cause unknown, but appears to occur before birth
  • Lobar bronchial atresia can mimic mainstem bronchial atresia on mid trimester ultrasound (Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2011;37:110)
Case reports
Gross images

Images hosted on other servers:

Large bronchocele (Figure 4)

Microscopic (histologic) images

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Plugged respiratory broncioles and dilated alveoli (Figures 5a & 5b)