Lung - nontumor
Cystic disease / congenital anomalies
Hypoplasia



Topic Completed: 1 August 2011

Revised: 28 January 2019, last major update August 2011

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PubMed search: pulmonary hypoplasia [title]


Elliot Weisenberg, M.D.
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Cite this page: Weisenberg E. Hypoplasia. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/lungnontumorhypoplasia.html. Accessed November 12th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Incomplete development of lung; lung usually weighs less than normal with fewer alveoli than expected for gestational age
  • Bilateral hypoplastic disease is fatal
  • Causes: oligohydramnios (renal agenesis, fetal membrane rupture), decreased intrathoracic space (renal cystic disease, diaphragmatic hernia), reduced breathing (anencephaly, musculoskeletal disorders, brainstem hypodevelopment, Virchows Arch 2009;454:451)
  • References: eMedicine
Gross images

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Severe pulmonary hypoplasia

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