Lymphoma and plasma cell neoplasms
B cell lymphoma subtypes
Pyothorax associated lymphoma

Topic Completed: 1 March 2011

Revised: 6 February 2019

Copyright: (c) 2001-2017,, Inc.

PubMed Search: pyothorax associated lymphoma

Nikhil Sangle, M.D.
Page views in 2018: 160
Page views in 2019 to date: 111
Cite this page: Sangle N. Pyothorax associated lymphoma. website. Accessed September 16th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Rare tumor associated with history of chronic pyothorax or chronic pleuritis due to therapeutic artificial pneumothorax for pleuropulmonary tuberculosis (used in the past as surgical treatment for tuberculosis, Am J Surg Pathol 2002;26:724)
Clinical features
  • Associated with chronic pyothorax or chronic pleuritis; duration between onset of chronic inflammation and lymphoma is about 10 years
  • Presents with pleural mass, occasionally liver involvement
  • Tumor cells derive from late germinal center or postgerminal center cells (negative for CD10 and BCL6, positive for MUM1 and CD138)
  • Morphologic features are similar to diffuse large B cell lymphoma, but patterns of gene expression by microarray are different (Cancer Sci 2004;95:828)
  • Median survival is 5 months
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Diffuse proliferation of large lymphoid cells with frequent plasmacytoid differentiation
Positive stains
Negative stains
Molecular / cytogenetics description
  • Immunoglobulin light chain restriction, clonal B cell population, EBV genome
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