Laboratory Administration
Personnel management
Labor laws

Author: Richard Horowitz, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 25 January 2017, last major update November 2013

Copyright: (c) 2003-2017,, Inc.

PubMed Search: laboratory administration labor laws
Cite this page: Labor laws. website. Accessed October 17th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Federal and State laws and regulations govern many aspects of personnel management
  • Although most are implemented by the hospital Personnel or Human Resources department, whenever there is an alleged violation, the laboratory directors, managers and supervisors are frequently held responsible
  • It is important to be conversant with the most important laws and regulations
National Labor Relations Act (1935)
  • Established the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) which:
    • Guarantees the right of employees to organize into unions and to bargain collectively
    • Protects employers from certain unlawful union activities
    • Provides bargaining equality between employers and employees
Fair Labor Standards Act (1938)
  • Defines minimum wage, overtime and other salary items
  • Differentiates between exempt and non-exempt employees
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
  • Enforces the following laws and provides oversight and coordination of all federal equal employment regulations, practices, and policies:
    • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
    • The Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA), protects men and women who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based wage discrimination
    • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), which protects individuals who are 40 years of age or older
    • Title I and Title V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities
    • The Civil Rights Act of 1991, provides monetary damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination