Mandible / maxilla
Normal
Anatomy

Author: Nat Pernick, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 21 June 2018, last major update October 2013

Copyright: (c) 2004-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Mandible maxilla anatomy [title]

Cite this page: Pernick, N. Normal: anatomy. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/mandiblemaxillanormalanatomy.html. Accessed August 16th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Contain primitive embryonic structures from early fetal development to 25 years of age
  • Divided into alveolar bone (supports teeth) and body with variable thickness ranging from paper thin overlying roots of cuspid (canines) and bicuspid (premolar) teeth to thick at apex of chin
Mandible
  • Receptor for lower teeth
  • Consists of curved horizontal body and two perpendicular rami
Maxillae
  • Forms upper jaw, boundaries of roof of mouth, floor and lateral wall of nose, floor of orbit
  • Consists of zygomatic, frontal, alveolar and palatine processes
Drawings

Images hosted on other servers:
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Side view of the teeth and jaws

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Mandible outer surface

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Mandible inner surface

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Lower dental arch

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Maxilla outer surface


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Maxilla nasal surface

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Left maxillary sinus opened from the exterior

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Maxilla hard palate

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Mandible of early fetus