Cite this page: Gulwani H. Acute mediastinitis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/mediastinumacutemediastinitis.html. Accessed March 22nd, 2019.
Definition / general
- Usually in posterior mediastinum, due to traumatic perforation of esophagus or descending infection along prevertebral fascia
- Initial lesion may be a neck abscess
- Often causes mediastinal abscess which requires surgical drainage
- Other causes: chest wall infection or postcardiac surgery, often due to CMV