Inflammatory disorders
Acute mediastinitis

Author: Hanni Gulwani, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 13 June 2018, last major update December 2012

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Acute mediastinitis[TI]

Cite this page: Gulwani, H. Acute mediastinitis. website. Accessed September 21st, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Usually in posterior mediastinum, due to traumatic perforation of esophagus or descending infection along prevertebral fascia
  • Initial lesion may be a neck abscess
  • Often causes mediastinal abscess which requires surgical drainage
  • Other causes: chest wall infection or postcardiac surgery, often due to CMV
Case reports
Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Extensive acute inflammation

Fibrinoinflammatory exudate