Mediastinum
Nonneoplastic
Mediastinitis, acute


Topic Completed: 1 December 2012

Minor changes: 10 June 2020

Copyright: 2003-2020, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Acute mediastinitis[TI]

Hanni Gulwani, M.B.B.S.
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Cite this page: Gulwani H. Mediastinitis, acute. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/mediastinumacutemediastinitis.html. Accessed November 30th, 2020.
Definition / general
  • Usually in posterior mediastinum, due to traumatic perforation of esophagus or descending infection along prevertebral fascia
  • Initial lesion may be a neck abscess
  • Often causes mediastinal abscess which requires surgical drainage
  • Other causes: chest wall infection or postcardiac surgery, often due to CMV
Case reports
Microscopic (histologic) images

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Extensive acute inflammation

Fibrinoinflammatory exudate

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