Mediastinitis, acute

Topic Completed: 1 December 2012

Minor changes: 10 June 2020

Copyright: 2003-2020,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Acute mediastinitis[TI]

Hanni Gulwani, M.B.B.S.
Page views in 2019: 165
Page views in 2020 to date: 188
Cite this page: Gulwani H. Mediastinitis, acute. website. Accessed November 30th, 2020.
Definition / general
  • Usually in posterior mediastinum, due to traumatic perforation of esophagus or descending infection along prevertebral fascia
  • Initial lesion may be a neck abscess
  • Often causes mediastinal abscess which requires surgical drainage
  • Other causes: chest wall infection or postcardiac surgery, often due to CMV
Case reports
Microscopic (histologic) images

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Extensive acute inflammation

Fibrinoinflammatory exudate

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