Mediastinum
Inflammatory disorders
Acute mediastinitis



Topic Completed: 1 December 2012

Revised: 13 February 2019

Copyright: 2003-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Acute mediastinitis[TI]


Hanni Gulwani, M.B.B.S.
Page views in 2018: 54
Page views in 2019 to date: 128
Cite this page: Gulwani H. Acute mediastinitis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/mediastinumacutemediastinitis.html. Accessed September 23rd, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Usually in posterior mediastinum, due to traumatic perforation of esophagus or descending infection along prevertebral fascia
  • Initial lesion may be a neck abscess
  • Often causes mediastinal abscess which requires surgical drainage
  • Other causes: chest wall infection or postcardiac surgery, often due to CMV
Case reports
Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Extensive acute inflammation

Fibrinoinflammatory exudate

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