Inflammatory disorders
Chronic mediastinitis

Author: Hanni Gulwani, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 13 June 2018, last major update December 2012

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Chronic mediastinitis[TI]

Cite this page: Gulwani, H. Chronic mediastinitis. website. Accessed December 17th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • May compress superior vena cava and simulate malignancy
  • Usually anterior to tracheal bifurcation
  • Some cases may represent fibrosing mediastinitis
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Granulomas, fibrosis; may be fungus, Histoplasma (with thick fibrous capsule), mycobacteria (thin fibrous capsule)