Inflammatory disorders
Chronic mediastinitis

Topic Completed: 1 December 2012

Revised: 13 February 2019

Copyright: 2003-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Chronic mediastinitis[TI]

Hanni Gulwani, M.B.B.S.
Page views in 2018: 47
Page views in 2019 to date: 104
Cite this page: Gulwani H. Chronic mediastinitis. website. Accessed September 18th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • May compress superior vena cava and simulate malignancy
  • Usually anterior to tracheal bifurcation
  • Some cases may represent fibrosing mediastinitis
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Granulomas, fibrosis; may be fungus, Histoplasma (with thick fibrous capsule), mycobacteria (thin fibrous capsule)
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