Molecular markers
Molecular cytology competency assessment
Basic principles of molecular biology

Author: Zubair W. Baloch, M.D., Ph.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 7 February 2018, last major update February 2014

Copyright: (c) 2002-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Basic principles of molecular biology [title]

Cite this page: Baloch, Z.W. Basic principles of molecular biology. website. Accessed November 12th, 2018.
Medical knowledge
  1. Understand the nucleic acid structure and organization
  2. Understand the nucleic acid physiology and functional regulation
  3. Understand the important organelles / particles such as mitochondrial genome and circulating nucleic acids
Practice based learning and systems based practice
  1. Apply the basic knowledge to compare genotypic and phenotypic expression
  2. List the basic differences between DNA and RNA
  3. Understand the processes of DNA replication, RNA transcription and mRNA translation
  4. Understand the process of DNA and RNA hybridization
  5. Understand the structure of mitochondrial DNA, how it is different from nuclear DNA and its utility in clinical tests
  6. Describe the clinical utility of assays for circulating nucleic acids