Cite this page: DeVilliers P, Thakral C Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/oralcavityHIV.html. Accessed February 18th, 2020.
Definition / general
- Associated with opportunistic infections, herpes simplex virus, Candida, fungi, Kaposi sarcoma, hairy leukoplakia
- Lymphoid hyperplasia of Waldeyer ring is frequent symptomatic complication, often with HIV+, EBV- multinucleated giant cells in crypt or surface epithelium (Hum Pathol 1999;30:1383, Mod Pathol 2000;13:1293)
Microscopic (histologic) description
- Adenoids and tonsils: florid follicular hyperplasia, follicle lysis, attenuated mantle zone, multinucleated giant cells adjacent to surface or tonsillar crypt epithelium (Am J Surg Pathol 1996;20:572)
- May have marked lymphoid depletion with no germinal centers, plasmacytosis and stromal vascular proliferation