Oral cavity
Other carcinomas (non salivary gland)
Basal cell carcinoma

Author: Nat Pernick, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 26 April 2018, last major update November 2013

Copyright: (c) 2002-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Basal cell carcinoma[TI] oral cavity

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Cite this page: Pernick, N. Basal cell carcinoma. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/oralcavitybcc.html. Accessed January 24th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Develops on sun exposed skin, usually upper face and forehead but also lip
  • Low potential for metastases (0.1%) but can kill by direct invasion if untreated
  • Frequently appears to disappear
  • High risk: fair skin, sun exposure, older adults and males
  • Excision
Gross description
  • Elevated area with ulceration, crusting
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Nests of cells with clefting from overlying surface epithelium
  • Cells have pallisading nuclei, minimal pleomorphism