Oral cavity
Other benign tumors / conditions

Author: Charu Thakral, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 18 April 2018, last major update April 2013

Copyright: (c) 2002-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Ephelis oral cavity[TIAB]

Page views in 2018: 1,024
Page views in 2019 to date: 92
Cite this page: Thakral, C. Ephelis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/oralcavityephelis.html. Accessed January 24th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Also called freckle
  • Solitary melanotic macules, usually of lower lip
  • More common in women; associated with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
Case reports
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

55 year old woman

60 year old man

26 year old woman

37 year old woman

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Hyperpigmentation of basal layer with elongation of rete ridges
Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Keratinocytes (fig d)

Differential diagnosis
  • Melanoacanthoma: melanocytes mixed with keratinocytes
  • Melanosis: pigmented patches in hard palate or gingiva