Oral cavity
Infectious
Periodontitis

Author: Charu Thakral, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 16 April 2018, last major update February 2013

Copyright: (c) 2002-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Periodontitis[TI] oral cavity[TIAB]

Table of Contents
Definition / general | Treatment
Cite this page: Thakral, C. Periodontitis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/oralcavityperiodontitis.html. Accessed April 26th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Recurrent and continuous gingivitis that affects alveolar bone
  • Causes bone destruction and pockets around teeth > 3 mm in depth
  • Plaque within pockets serves as nidus for mineralization (dental calculus), causing progressive disease until gingival scarring and bony erosion lead to loss of teeth
  • Usually diagnosed clinically
Treatment
  • Scaling and planing of root surfaces to remove focal irritants
  • Surgery
  • Brushing and flossing