Table of ContentsEtiology | Diagrams / tables | Clinical features | Treatment | Microscopic (histologic) images | Electron microscopy images | Additional references
Cite this page: Chaux A, Cubilla AL. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/penscrotumHIV.html. Accessed March 22nd, 2019.
- Lack of circumcision confers up to 8x risk, apparently due to high lymphocyte density in foreskin mucosa (HIV1 targets CCR5 and CXCR4 receptors on CD4+ T cells), higher than uterine ectocervix (Am J Pathol 2002;161:867, Am J Clin Pathol 2006;125:386)
- Factors favoring HIV infection via preputial surface include greater susceptibility of foreskin mucosa to trauma, longer survival of the virus in warm and moist subpreputial spaces and lack of keratinization and high density of HIV target cells in the inner foreskin compared with the keratinized surface of the outer foreskin and glans (Nat Clin Pract Urol 2009;6:32)
- No infiltration by HIV1 of foreskin outer surface
- Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)
Microscopic (histologic) images
Electron microscopy images