Penis and scrotum
Infectious disorders
Balanoposthitis

Authors: Antonio Cubilla, M.D., Alcides Chaux, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 28 March 2018, last major update February 2010

Copyright: (c) 2002-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Balanoposthitis penis

Cite this page: Cubilla, A., Chaux, A. Balanoposthitis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/penscrotumbalanoposthitis.html. Accessed October 20th, 2018.
Definition / general
Epidemiology
  • Common in uncircumcised newborns or uncircumcised men with poor hygiene and accumulation of smegma
  • May be due to poor hygiene, sexual transmission or associated with dermatologic disorders
Etiology
  • Due to propensity of pathogenic bacteria to adhere to inner mucosal surface of foreskin
  • Often sexually transmitted in adults (Hinyokika Kiyo 2005;51:737)
  • Also sexually transmitted for adults with Candida albicans, with pathogenicity concentrated to a few genotypes (Clin Infect Dis 2008;47:1119)
Clinical features
Case reports
Treatment
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Marked ulceration with tissue destruction

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Nonspecific inflammatory infiltrate with lymphocytes, plasma cells and macrophages
  • Causative agent usually not discernable by routine examination
  • Epithelial changes such as squamous hyperplasia and ulceration can be associated with inflammation
  • Fungal hyphae may be present
Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Dermis with
lymphoplasmacytic
infiltrate and dilated
blood vessels

Positive stains