Placental gross / microscopic abnormalities, nonneoplastic
Circumvallate placenta

Topic Completed: 1 September 2011

Minor changes: 15 February 2019

Copyright: 2002-2019,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Circumvallate placenta

Mandolin S. Ziadie, M.D.
Page views in 2019: 1,639
Page views in 2020 to date: 586
Cite this page: Ziadie MS. Circumvallate placenta. website. Accessed June 1st, 2020.
Definition / general
  • Insertion of the membranes away from the peripheral edge due to a folding / rolling of the chorion on itself
  • Portion of extrachorial disc is present at the edge
  • Associated with low birth weight and multigravid pregnancies
  • Usually attributed to marginal hemorrhage
Gross description
  • Membranes insert away from the peripheral margin
  • Firm ridge at the site of insertion is usually present
  • If cysts and other gross aberrations present, may be associated with fetal and maternal abnormalities
Gross images

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Double back membranes

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