Normal anatomy

Author: Vaidehi Avadhani, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 22 March 2018, last major update December 2013

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Pleura[TIAB] anatomy[TIAB] full text[sb]

Table of Contents
Definition / general | Drawings
Cite this page: Avadhani, V. Normal anatomy. website. Accessed March 23rd, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Lungs are surrounded by visceral pleural, a delicate serous membrane arranged as a closed invaginated sac
  • Inner chest cavity is lined by parietal pleural membrane
  • Visceral and parietal pleura define the pleural space / cavity, which normally has minimal volume, unless lungs collapse or air / fluid collects between the two layers
  • Only minimal contact between right and left pleural sacs
  • Regional lymph nodes are internal mammary, intrathoracic, scalene and supraclavicular

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Pleura and chest wall