Prostate
Prostatitis
Other prostate infections

Authors: Kenneth Iczkowski, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 25 August 2016, last major update August 2016

Copyright: (c) 2003-2016, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed search: prostatitis infections
Table of Contents
Definition / General
Definition / General
  • Dimorphic fungi are associated with AIDS or other immunocompromise, usually with hematogenous dissemination
  • Fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli, due to transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy, has gained much attention in recent years; this sometimes leads to hospitalization or is fatal; antibiotic prophylaxis with alternative antibiotics may prevent some complications (World J Urol 2016 May 31 [Epub ahead of print])
  • Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis are often present (Arch Pathol Lab Med 1986;110:430), but unknown if they are pathogens
  • Aspergillus is rarely seen but has been reported in leukemia patients treated with alemtuzumab, an anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody (J Mycol Med 2013;23:270)
  • AIDS related changes: epithelial cell apoptosis (simple cell shrinkage and exploding glandular cells), intracytoplasmic inclusions (apoptotic bodies) associated with lipofuscin (Arch Pathol Lab Med 1998;122:875); increased numbers of concretions (Am J Clin Pathol 1990;93:196)