Prostate
Miscellaneous
Staging

Author: Debra Zynger, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 10 September 2018, last major update April 2018

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Prostate staging[TIAB] AJCC

Cite this page: Zynger, D. Staging. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/prostatestaging.html. Accessed September 24th, 2018.

Pathologic TNM staging of prostate, AJCC 8th edition
Primary tumor (pT)
  • pT2: Organ confined
  • pT3a: Extraprostatic extension (focal is < 1 high power field in 1 - 2 slides, multifocal is more) or
         microscopic invasion of bladder neck (in thick muscle, no adjacent nonneoplastic glands)
  • pT3b: Seminal vesicle muscle wall invasion
  • pT4: Invasion of external sphincter, rectum, bladder, levator muscles or pelvic wall
Regional lymph nodes (pN)
  • pNX: Cannot be assessed
  • pN0: No regional lymph node metastasis
  • pN1: Regional lymph node metastasis
    (regional lymph nodes = periprostatic, pelvic, hypogastric, obturator, internal iliac, external iliac, sacral)
Distant metastasis (pM)
  • pM1a: Metastasis in nonregional lymph node (ex: aortic, common iliac, deep / superficial inguinal, retroperitoneal)
  • pM1b: Metastasis in bone
  • pM1c: Metastasis in other distant site
AJCC prognostic stage groups (utilizing pT categorization)
Stage group I: pT2 N0 M0  PSA < 10 grade group 1 (Gleason score 3+3=6)
Stage group IIA: pT2 N0 M0 PSA ≥ 10 - < 20 grade group 1 (Gleason score 3+3=6)
Stage group IIB: pT2 N0 M0 PSA < 20 grade group 2 (Gleason score 3+4=7)
Stage group IIC: pT2 N0 M0 PSA < 20 grade group 3 - 4 (Gleason score 4+3=7 and score 8)
‚Ä®Stage group IIIA: pT2 N0 M0 PSA ≥ 20 grade group 1 - 4 (Gleason score 6 - 8)
Stage group IIIB: pT3 - 4 N0 M0 any PSA grade group 1 - 4 (Gleason score 6 - 8)
Stage group IIIC: pT2 - 4 N0 M0 any PSA grade group 5 (Gleason score 9 - 10)
Stage group IVA: pT2 - 4 N1 M0 any PSA grade group 1 - 5
Stage group IVB: pT2 - 4 N0 - 1 M1 any PSA grade group 1 - 5
Gross images

Images hosted on PathOut server:

Contributed by Debra Zynger, M.D.

Extraprostatic extension (pT3a)

Seminal vesicle invasion (pT3b)

Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on PathOut server:

Contributed by Debra Zynger, M.D.

Extraprostatic extension (pT3a)

Bladder neck invasion (pT3a)

Seminal vesicle invasion, low power (pT3b)

Seminal vesicle invasion, high power (pT3b)

Rectal invasion (pT4)


Periprostatic lymph node metastasis (pN1)

Pelvic lymph node metastasis (pN1)

Neck lymph node metastasis (pM1a)

Bone metastasis (pM1b)

Lung metastasis (pM1c)