Small bowel (small intestine)
Infectious disorders

Author: Hanni Gulwani, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 14 February 2018, last major update August 2012

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: AIDS HIV small bowel[TIAB]

Cite this page: Gulwani, H. AIDS / HIV. website. Accessed September 24th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Small bowel infections are associated with Kaposi sarcoma, lymphoma, smooth muscle tumors, other infectious disorders (must look for them / rule them out)
  • 30 - 60% with HIV infection historically had diarrhea and either malabsorptive symptoms with villus atrophy or colitis resembling ulcerative colitis
  • Even with HAART therapy, small bowel infections may still include cytomegalovirus, cryptosporidia, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections and microsporidia (Hum Pathol 2010;41:1777, Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2012;54:89)
Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Histopathologic features
of HIV associated GI
pathology (small bowel
and other GI sties)