Cite this page: Gulwani H. AIDS / HIV. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/smallbowelAIDS.html. Accessed May 23rd, 2019.
Definition / general
- Small bowel infections are associated with Kaposi sarcoma, lymphoma, smooth muscle tumors, other infectious disorders (must look for them / rule them out)
- 30 - 60% with HIV infection historically had diarrhea and either malabsorptive symptoms with villus atrophy or colitis resembling ulcerative colitis
- Even with HAART therapy, small bowel infections may still include cytomegalovirus, cryptosporidia, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections and microsporidia (Hum Pathol 2010;41:1777, Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2012;54:89)