Soft tissue
Peripheral nerve
Myxopapillary ependymoma

Author: Vijay Shankar, M.D.

Revised: 30 January 2018, last major update November 2012

Copyright: (c) 2002-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Myxopapillary ependymoma [title]

Cite this page: Shankar, V. Myxopapillary ependymoma. website. Accessed March 24th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Usually spinal cord tumor, may arise is soft tissue in sacrococcygeal area separate from cord
  • Resembles pilonidal cyst clinically, but 20% metastasize
Case reports
Gross description
  • Well circumscribed, easily enucleated
Gross images

Images hosted on other servers:

Two ovoid mass

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Resembles CNS tumor
  • Small blue cells forming well defined perivascular structures, surrounded by dense fibrous tissue
Microscopic (histologic) images

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Epithelioid cells with some cytoplasmic clearing

Cribriform pattern

Solid sheets and cords

L: S100; R: GFAP

L: AE1AE3; R: CAM5.2

Columnar cells

Radial processes

Positive stains
Differential diagnosis
  • Ependymal rests: clusters of cells < 0.5 cm in dermis / subcutaneous tissue near pilonidal sinuses