Soft tissue
Benign vascular lesions
Port wine stain

Author: Vijay Shankar, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 22 September 2016, last major update November 2012

Copyright: (c) 2003-2016, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed search: port wine stain [title]

Related topics: Vascular ectasias

Cite this page: Port wine stain. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/softtissuevascularectasiasportwine.html. Accessed November 22nd, 2017.
Definition / general
  • Type of nevus flammeus
  • May grow proportionately with the child and thicken the skin surface
  • Those in distribution of trigeminal nerve are associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome (encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis), a rare congenital disorder with venous angiomatous masses in leptomeninges over cortex, ipsilateral port wine nevi, mental retardation, seizures, hemiplegia, skull radiopacities
  • Attributed to faulty development of mesodermal and ectodermal elements
Microscopic (histologic) images
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Infant