Soft tissue
Benign vascular lesions
Port wine stain

Topic Completed: 1 November 2012

Revised: 15 February 2019

Copyright: 2002-2019,, Inc.

PubMed search: Port wine stain [title]

Related topics: Vascular ectasias

Vijay Shankar, M.D.
Page views in 2018: 444
Page views in 2019 to date: 257
Cite this page: Shankar V. Port wine stain. website. Accessed June 20th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Type of nevus flammeus
  • May grow proportionately with the child and thicken the skin surface
  • Those in distribution of trigeminal nerve are associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome (encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis), a rare congenital disorder with venous angiomatous masses in leptomeninges over cortex, ipsilateral port wine nevi, intellectual disability, seizures, hemiplegia, skull radiopacities
  • Attributed to faulty development of mesodermal and ectodermal elements
Microscopic (histologic) images

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