Normal anatomy

Author: Jaleh Mansouri, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 28 February 2018, last major update October 2012

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Spleen[TI] anatomy[TI]

Cite this page: Mansouri, J. Normal anatomy. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/spleennormalanatomy.html. Accessed July 16th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Largest lymphoid tissue of human body, accounting for 25% of total lymphocytes
  • Lies between fundus of stomach and diaphragm
  • Normally 150 g with thin capsule
  • Filters foreign matter including old / damaged blood cells
  • Participates in immune response to blood borne antigens
  • Major repository of mononuclear phagocytic cells in red pulp, lymphoid cells in white pulp and platelets
  • Produces new blood cells in infants / children or adults with severe anemia

Images hosted on other servers:

Visceral surface

Transverse section highlighting veins

Transverse section highlighting arteries

Gross description
  • Malpighian (splenic) follicles of white pulp are identifiable