Lymph nodes & spleen, nonlymphoid

Topic Completed: 1 October 2012

Minor changes: 14 August 2020

Copyright: 2003-2020,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Spleen rupture[TI]

Page views in 2019: 1,975
Page views in 2020 to date: 1,591
Cite this page: Mansouri J. Rupture. website. Accessed September 29th, 2020.
Definition / general
  • Due to blunt trauma or abdominal surgery, causing hemoperitoneum and emergency splenectomy
  • Only rarely ruptures spontaneously (associated with acute splenitis, amyloidosis [rare], infectious mononucleosis, inflammatory disorders, leukemia / lymphoma, malaria, other tumors, peliosis lienis, pregnancy, subacute bacterial endocarditis, typhoid fever)
  • Splenic rupture may be delayed after trivial / minor trauma
Case reports
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Grossly enlarged with hematoma

Gross description
  • Rupture may be a very small capsular tear, often in superior pole or hilum
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Neutrophils below capsular tear with intraparenchymal hemorrhage; also lymphoid hyperplasia with prominent marginal zone
Additional references
Back to top
Image 01 Image 02