Suppurative gastritis

Authors: Elliot Weisenberg, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 23 November 2016, last major update August 2012

Copyright: (c) 2003-2016,, Inc.

PubMed Search: suppurative gastritis
Cite this page: Suppurative gastritis. website. Accessed October 18th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Exceedingly rare
  • Bacterial infection primarily affecting submucosal layer of stomach
  • Usually caused by Strep Group A, also Staph, E. coli, H. influenza, Proteus
  • Rigors, fever, high death rate

  • Emphysematous gastritis:
    • Associated with gas forming organisms

  • Predisposing factors:
    • Most patients debilitated, alcoholism, chronic renal failure, immunodeficiency, hypochlorhydria, endoscopic polypectomy
Gross description
  • Distention of stomach with marked thickening of wall due to edema
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Submucosal edema, congestion, hemorrhage
  • Massive neutrophilic exudate with bacteria
  • Overlying mucosa may be unremarkable