Testis and epididymis
Non-neoplastic testicular lesions
Reviewer: Sean Williamson, M.D. (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 21 April 2013, last major update December 2012
Copyright: (c) 2002-2013, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.
- Abnormal dilation and tortuosity of veins in pampiniform plexus of spermatic cord, probably due to insufficiency of venous valves
- Often associated with infertility; after treatment, 40-55% are fertile
- 90% on left; 10% bilateral
- Isolated right sided varicocele is associated with situs inversus, venous thrombosis or venous compression from space occupying lesion
- Adolescent varicocele: pathologic changes found at or soon after puberty, consisting of tubular sclerosis, premature germ cell sloughing, small vessel sclerosis and variable hypospermatogenesis (Am J Clin Pathol 1988;89:321)
- Ligation or occlusion of left spermatic vein
- Variable thickening of venous wall with fibrosis, decreased spermatogenesis in tubules with germ cell degeneration and increased Leydig cells
End of Testis and epididymis > Non-neoplastic testicular lesions > Varicocele
This information is intended for physicians and related personnel, who understand that medical information is often imperfect, and must be interpreted in the context of a patient's clinical data using reasonable medical judgment. This website should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a licensed physician.
All information on this website is protected by copyright of PathologyOutlines.com, Inc. Information from third parties may also be protected by copyright. Please contact us at [email protected]
with any questions (click here for other