Reviewers: Sean Williamson, M.D., (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 2 June 2012, last major update June 2012
Copyright: (c) 2002-2012, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.
● 30 cm long, 5 mm in diameter
● Areas of ureteral narrowing are at ureteropelvic junction, crossing of external/common iliac artery and where ureters enter bladder - these are common sites of obstruction and stone impaction
● Ureters enter bladder in oblique manner
● Bladder muscle contraction mechanically closes off ureteral orifice
● Defects cause reflux
End of Ureters > Normal
This information is intended for physicians and related personnel, who understand that medical information is often imperfect, and must be interpreted in the context of a patient's clinical data using reasonable medical judgment. This website should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a licensed physician.
All information on this website is protected by copyright of PathologyOutlines.com, Inc. Information from third parties may also be protected by copyright. Please contact us at copyrightPathOut@gmail.com with any questions (click here for other contact information).