Reviewers: Sean Williamson, M.D., (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 2 June 2012, last major update June 2012
Copyright: (c) 2002-2012, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.
● 30 cm long, 5 mm in diameter
● Areas of ureteral narrowing are at ureteropelvic junction, crossing of external/common iliac artery and where ureters enter bladder - these are common sites of obstruction and stone impaction
● Ureters enter bladder in oblique manner
● Bladder muscle contraction mechanically closes off ureteral orifice
● Defects cause reflux
End of Ureters > Normal
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