Normal anatomy

Topic Completed: 1 March 2003

Revised: 25 February 2019

Copyright: (c) 2002-2017,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Normal anatomy vagina [title]

Nat Pernick, M.D.
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Page views in 2019 to date: 393
Table of Contents
Definition / general
Cite this page: Pernick N. Normal anatomy. website. Accessed September 24th, 2019.
Definition / general
  • Extends from vulva to uterine cervix
  • Derived from paired Müllerian ducts
  • Layers are mucosa, muscularis, adventitia
  • Mucosa composed of basal, intermediate and superficial squamous epithelium; responsive to steroid hormones
  • Lamina propria (subepithelial stroma) composed of elastic fibers, rich venous and lymphatic network, some multinucleated stellate stromal cells
  • Wolffian (mesonephric) duct, aka Gartner duct, runs deeply along lateral vaginal walls; single small duct surrounded by cluster of small glands lined by cuboidal epithelium with eosinophilic secretion in lumen
  • Lymphatic drainage: external iliac nodes (upper anterior wall), deep pelvic, rectal and aortic nodes (posterior vagina), interiliac nodes (lower vagina), also inferior gluteal and femoral nodes
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