Vagina
General
Normal anatomy

Author: Nat Pernick, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 21 September 2017, last major update March 2003

Copyright: (c) 2002-2017, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Normal anatomy vagina [title]

Table of Contents
Definition / general
Cite this page: Pernick, N. Normal anatomy. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/vaginaanatomy.html. Accessed November 23rd, 2017.
Definition / general
  • Extends from vulva to uterine cervix
  • Derived from paired Müllerian ducts
  • Layers are mucosa, muscularis, adventitia
  • Mucosa composed of basal, intermediate and superficial squamous epithelium; responsive to steroid hormones
  • Lamina propria (subepithelial stroma) composed of elastic fibers, rich venous and lymphatic network, some multinucleated stellate stromal cells
  • Wolffian (mesonephric) duct, aka Gartner duct, runs deeply along lateral vaginal walls; single small duct surrounded by cluster of small glands lined by cuboidal epithelium with eosinophilic secretion in lumen
  • Lymphatic drainage: external iliac nodes (upper anterior wall), deep pelvic, rectal and aortic nodes (posterior vagina), interiliac nodes (lower vagina), also inferior gluteal and femoral nodes