Vagina
General
Infections

Author: Nat Pernick, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 9 July 2018, last major update March 2003

Copyright: (c) 2002-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Vaginal infections[title] "loattrfull text"[sb]

Cite this page: Pernick, N. Infections. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/vaginainfections.html. Accessed August 19th, 2018.
Bacterial vaginosis
General:
  • Overgrowth of facultative and anaerobic bacterial flora


Microscopic (histologic) description:
  • Often clue cells (squamous cells covered with coccobacilli)
Candida albicans
General:
  • Common during pregnancy
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
General:
  • Increased propensity for heterosexual transmission of subtype E in Thailand may be related to vaginal inflammation, leading to accumulation of Langerhans cells and related dendritic cells, which may be HIV reservoir (Mod Pathol 2001;14:1263)
Human papillomavirus
General:
  • Infection may occur in distal vagina
  • Children or young adults have typical features, may have history of sexual contact


Microscopic (histologic) description:
  • Papillary / verrucous architecture, koilocytotic atypia


Molecular / cytogenetics description:
Lymphogranuloma venereum
General:
  • May cause vaginal stricture
Trichomonas vaginalis
General:
  • Common during pregnancy