Malignant tumors
Spindle cell (sarcomatoid) carcinoma

Author: Shweta Gera, M.D. (see Authors page)
Editor: Arzu Buyuk, M.D.

Revised: 29 September 2017, last major update October 2014

Copyright: (c) 2002-2017,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Vagina spindle cell sarcomatoid carcinoma

Cite this page: Gera, S. Spindle cell (sarcomatoid) carcinoma. website. Accessed August 19th, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Variant of squamous cell carcinoma with spindle cell morphology, associated with poor prognosis
  • Squamous cell carcinoma with sarcoma-like stroma, pseudosarcoma (Cancer 1983;52:890)
  • Sarcomatoid squamous cell carcinoma
  • High risk human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes have a role in carcinogenesis
Clinical features
  • Pelvic pain, vaginal discharge (Cancer 1983;52:890)
  • Vaginal bleeding and obstructive symptoms can occur due to mass effect
  • Based on clinical, radiological and thorough pathological examination
Radiology description
  • Imaging required to stage the disease and look for metastasis
Prognostic factors
Case reports
Gross description
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Fascicles of plump spindle cells with homogenous to fibrillar cytoplasm, round to oval vesicular nuclei with multiple nucleoli and numerous mitotic figures
  • Usually tumor will also have well to moderately differentiated squamous cell component, which can be easily missed on a biopsy
  • Therefore thorough sampling recommended (Cancer 1983;52:890, Gynecol Oncol 1993;49:100)
Electron microscopy description
Additional references